Child Care & Development Block Grant (CCDBG)
The Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) is a federal law that sets the course for child care in each state. CCDBG is of course what drives the child care subsidy program (and each state decides eligibility, payment rates, and the detailed rules of the experience of the program). CCDBG also calls for states to set the bar on health and safety, training and professional development, and details like who has to be licensed and who is exempt; inspections and monitoring; and the opportunities for quality improvements.
CCDBG is the gateway of family child care supply-building, of basic regulation, and of advancing quality from a strong foundation, and to connecting us to early childhood systems and opportunities in the states.
CCDBG law was reauthorized (that is, renewed) by Congress in 2014. It made major changes in four main areas:
- Protect the health and safety of children in child care
- Help parents make informed consumer choices and access information to support child development
- Provide equal access to stable, high quality child care for low-income children
- Enhance the quality of child care and the early childhood workforce
States have a lot of choices to make – and those choices are coming at a critical time. We know that learning begins at birth, and the role family child care providers play in offering quality and reliability is crucial to working families.
Family child care providers – and the families enrolled in our programs – experience vastly different opportunities, supports, and barriers state to state. As states consider their own details for complying with federal law, NAFCC offers these principles:
- Building the supply of high-quality family child care is crucial for families and communities;
- Family child care needs a clear place in Consumer Education, Professional Development, and Quality Initiatives;
- Family child care needs clear consideration in licensing content and inspection strategy;
- Family child care networks and family child care associations can play a role supporting the license-exempt community who enroll children who pay with a subsidy as they experience inspections, many for the first time. Families count on this supply of child care and as we build a pathway to licensure, support will be needed.
- Family child care is the early childhood workforce. Training and professional development has to make sense for the family child care environment, and be made accessible to the work-life of family child care providers;
- Accreditation is a commitment to continuous quality improvement and should be recognized as a way to meet/achieve QRIS rating levels;
- The details matter and NAFCC members have day-to-day experience with implementation of policy; and
- Federal and state investments are crucial for the successful implementation of CCDBG.
New: What's the Plan?
States explain their plans for complying with the federal CCDBG law through a document called the CCDF State Plan. These documents set the course for the years ahead in your state – and set the course for the crucial role of child care!
The Office of Child Care at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services compiled all the state plans here.
What’s the buzz in your state about the CCDF State Plan? Contact NAFCC at firstname.lastname@example.org.
NAFCC is spreading the word about family child care
Building the Supply of Family Child Care (pdf) Child Care Aware of America Symposium April 2016
Connecting to Family Child Care to Reach Head Start and Early Head Start Families (pdf) National Head Start Association Conference May 2016
Advancing Early Childhood Workforce Policy (pdf) NAEYC Professional Development Institute June 2016